BAYKO in CANADA

I now have six BAYKO documents from the Canadian Market, covering some fifteen years, but I will start with amazing images from a collection of three documents, all dated 1946, supplied by exiled Brit. Simon Christopher Brassell, now from Indiana in the U.S.A. : -
 
1946 - Canadian 'How to Do It' - 8-Page Manual

Front page of 1949 Canadian price list - parts

This document is unique, as far as I know, in that I believe it is the only BAYKO manual, of any kind, specifically printed incorporating any export market specific information...
...in this case it is the importer's contact address details which can clearly be seen across the bottom of the image of the front cover [left].
Apart from these contact details, the rest of the front cover is identical to the U.K. version...
...whether the 'Canadian address addition' was done in the U.K. or Canada is unclear - however, cost and logistics considerations would suggest the U.K.
Front Cover
Page 2
Page 3
Page 4
The front cover image [above] logically fits in here.
page 2
page 2
page 4
page 5
page 2
page 7
page 8
Page 5
Page 6
Page 7
Rear Cover
The spelling mistake which appeared in all three U.K. versions of this document is also still present here. The word 'showing' in the first paragraph of page 3 [above] is misspelled as "shewing".
A further detail, in the 'where was it printed' debate, is the fact that the rear cover, which, in the U.K. version shows the BAYKO Spare Parts price list with £.s.d. prices, has here been left completely blank - it's no good clicking on the image [above], in the time-honoured way, to see a larger version of that page!
There were three different versions of this manual in the U.K. domestic market...
144 x 228 mm = 5.7 x 9.0 inches
This document is shown courtesy of Simon Christopher Brassell.
 
1946 - Double Sided Flier
This is a basic double sided Flier from the Canadian market. It dates from 1946 and is interesting, not least because there is no remotely comparable document from the U.K. market - as far as I know! I mention this because most other export documents are copies of U.K. originals.
Personally, I have no doubt that this document was printed in Canada, but, of course, I can't prove it!

Front of 1946 Canadian flier - Front

Front of 1946 Canadian flier - Rear

Front
Rear
The first point to note is the penultimate line "Suitable for Children, Adults, and the Incapacitated". I'm unsure whether the "Incapacitated" reference is to sick children, or recent injured returners from the [then] recent conflict.
I also find the phrases above that interesting - "Educational, Challenging, Constructive" and then "Develops Patience and Perseverance" - BAYKO Model Sales were certainly keen on the educational aspects of BAYKO as they continued to demonstrate in the next document [below].
It is far from immediately obvious as to whether BAYKO Model Sales was an toy importer or a toy retail outlet, or, of course, it could have been both.
However, given this document was part of a collection of immediately post-war BAYKO, it is quite possible that BAYKO was tiptoeing into the post-war Canadian market via the retail route. Then again, BAYKO Model Sales may just have been a department of a larger toy retail/importer, but only BAYKO is mentioned in the contact information.
This document is shown courtesy of Simon Christopher Brassell.
 
1946 - 4-Page Flier
This is a simple Canadian BAYKO flier, dating from 1946, with a single vertical fold, which sits at the left hand edge of the folded document.
I've decided to include [below] pretty well all of the script from this document for several reasons : -
Firstly, and by far the most significant, is the mention, on page 2 and again on page 3, of the full range of BAYKO sets as being from "No. 0 to No. 6", supported by "Convertion" sets "No. 0c to No. 5c".
 
Of course we all know that the post-war BAYKO set range eventually reached set #4 and they didn't get there until 1952...
 
...however, there's also a slightly later, 1946/7, U.K. market document which restricts the range to set #5, all of which suggests there was a somewhat protracted period of indecision, possibly exacerbated by the illness and ultimate death of BAYKO inventor, C.B. Plimpton...
 
Then there is the different interpretation of the standard BAYKO scripts in trans-atlantic vocabulary [e.g. "erecting" not "building"] which makes for interesting reading. n.b. - also note the 'American spelling'.
Next, the heavy repetition of branding - "BAYKO BUILDING SETS" - is very noticeable compared to the more reserved British norm.
Marketeers across the atlantic have always been much more heavily focused on the protection of brands, something on which the U.K. has only really caught up in the last decade or two. In the 1990s, Kellogg's instructed all employees to ensure that all such brand related labels should always be printed in capital letters in all communications, including emails, demonstrating the importance of such labels - here we have BAYKO Model Sales, Canada doing exactly this, well over fifty years earlier.
Almost as an afterthought, the very last line at the bottom of the rear of this document, reads - "Importers and Distributors BAYKO MODEL SALES". This certainly reads like a company name, and there's nothing anywhere else to suggest otherwise.
Exterior - Front Cover
Front Cover script : -
BUILD WITH BAYKO
BAYKO Building Sets
INTERESTING & FASCINATING
All Parts are standardized and made in precision moulded noninflammable Bakelite, they will not change colour and being easily sterilized by placing in boiling water, BAYKO BUILDING SETS, are perfectly hygenic.
M A D E   I N   G R E A T   B R I T A I N
 
Page 2 script : -
BUILD WITH BAYKO
The demand for BAYKO BUILDING SETS, and the enthusiasm expressed by those who have them, is proof of the common interest, they awaken in young and old alike.
There is no limit to the range of models one can erect with BAYKO BUILDING SETS, and for demonstrating the ideas and ingenuity of the builder, there is nothing like it.
Only by building any of the thousands of models can one realise the spirit of achievement and satisfaction derived from erecting with BAYKO BUILDING SETS.
Front cover of the 1946 Canadian BAYKO Flier
Interior - Page 2
Interior - Page 3

Page 2 of the 1946 Canadian BAYKO Flier

Page 3 of the 1946 Canadian BAYKO Flier

Exterior - Rear Cover
Page 2 script continued : -
Models erected with BAYKO BUILDING SETS are beautifully coloured and an excellent replica of the actual building, they are firm and rigid since each part inter-locks perfectly into position to give stability.
All parts for BAYKO BUILDING SETS are kept in stock so that builders can at any time obtain individual units when required.
BAYKO BUILDING SETS are manufactured in seven different sizes, No. 0 to No. 6 and any set from No. 0 to No. 5 can very easily be increased in size by the purchase of a Convertion Set.
MAKES YOU THINK
 
Page 3 script : -
MODELS WITH BEAUTY
Conversion sets are manufactured in six different sizes, No. 0c to No. 5c so it is actually possible at any time to increase a No. 0 BAYKO BUILDING SET into a No. 6 BAYKO BUILDING SET by purchasing Convertion sets.
A No. 0c Convertion Set will convert a No. 0 BAYKO BUILDING SET into a No. 1 BAYKO BUILDING SET and a No. 1c Convertion Set will likewise convert a No. 1 BAYKO BUILDING SET into that of a N0. 2 BAYKO BUILDING SET, and so on.
Rear of the 1946 Canadian BAYKO Flier
Page 3 script continued : -
These Convertion Sets are only for increasing BAYKO BUILDING SETS from one size to another, they cannot be used for building models.
Why not begin with a small BAYKO BUILDING SET? You will like it and can at any time you wish, convert it gradually into a No. 6 BAYKO BUILDING SET. BAYKO BUILDING SET enthusiasts constantly add to their stock of parts.
A beautiful Skyscraper Model over six feet high has been erected from BAYKO BUILDING SET standard parts, except for the extra length of rods required.
TESTS YOUR SKILL
It amuses me to think that someone who surfs the internet using the phrase "models with beauty" will be directed here!!!
It should be easy enough to read the slightly truncated list of available parts directly, so I haven't typed that out - as usual, if you click on the page image, you will see a slightly larger version which will make reading it easier.
To me there's an almost naive enthusiasm about this document, which definitely appeals to me...
...this helps point me to the conclusion that this document was also printed locally.
This document is shown courtesy of Simon Christopher Brassell.
 
1949 - Plimpton Era Price List

Front page of 1949 Canadian price list - parts

Back page of 1949 Canadian price list - sets

Rear
Front
The above document, dated March, 1949, is basically a straight copy of the domestic documentation of the same date with prices in Canadian dollars and, of course, the address of the importer - no less than MECCANO!
The list of parts and sets which were available is identical to those shown on the domestic equivalent Parts Price List which was printed a month later.
This leaflet was printed in England.
144 x 228 mm = 5.7 x 9.0 inches
 
1953 - Plimpton Era Price List

Front page of 1953 Canadian price list, parts

Back page of 1953 Canadian price list, sets

Rear
Front
The above document is again a straight copy of the domestic documentation of the same date with prices in Canadian dollars and the new address of the importer, MECCANO!
The printer's code gives the date as July, 1953 - it was printed in England.
145 x 228 mm = 5.5 x 9.0 inches
 
1952? to 1956? - MECCANO Canada - Canadian Pacific Fliers

1952? to 1956? Canadian Pacific Flier - early version

1952? to 1956? Canadian Pacific Flier - later version

These documents are shown courtesy of Andrew Lance of the Hornby Railways Collectors association.
These two documents are almost identical in terms of content - strangely, apart from the colour change, the key difference is the way in which BAYKO is referred to! The BAYKO references are both in the bottom right hand corner - if you slide your mouse over either image [above] you will see them highlighted. That on the earlier, coloured paper version [left above] is : -
BAYKO HOUSE
- Building Sets
The later, white paper version [above right] bears the legend : -
BAYKO
House-Building Sets
A simple, structural change - given that, to me, the latter makes more sense, I have concluded that it is the later version, and have laid them out accordingly.
These sheets cover the period 1952 to 1956 or thereabouts which is when this particular locomotive model was on sale. Clearly this is well before the MECCANO takeover of the BAYKO business, and indicates that MECCANO Canada took an inclusive view of BAYKO despite the fact that their role was as the BAYKO importer, not manufacturer.  Clearly there was a healthy, friendly relationship between the two companies.
I should just point out that the paper colour of the earlier version [left above] is something of a guess as the original suffers from a significant degree of 'foxing', i.e. in patches there is oxygen/acid damage causing a browning of large areas.
 
1955 - Plimpton Era Flier, with Set Prices
I've actually got a real soft spot for this particular BAYKO Flier format - it's very simple and compact, yet it communicates all the necessary BAYKO product details - and, of course, it gives me a chance to have a bit of a play with the images!
This English language, Canadian Flier is a single sheet, with an off-centre fold across, leaving the logo and "Perfect Child's Play" tag still visible when it is folded.  Slide your mouse over the interior image [below, right] to see how this works.
Sadly, this particular document has no printer's code to help with the date, however a near identical, uncoded, U.K. version of the same flier can be dated as 1955, so...
Exterior
There are actually just four simple differences between this Canadian version and its U.K. equivalent : -
Firstly the obvious - on the exterior of the Canadian version [left] the prices are in Canadian dollars!!!
The BAYKO logo and address [left] are in mid green, rather than red with yellow, and red, respectively.
At the bottom of the interior [right] the BAYKO logo is, again green, inside its black outline.
The adjacent tag, "Perfect Child's Play", is also printed in mid green, rather than the red of the U.K. version.
I suspect this means the Flier was printed in the U.K. [no printer's code, remember] and this was a deliberate ploy for easy identification, in the packing / despatch departments.
The two parts of the exterior [left] are printed differently, The prices, etc. are upside down compared to the model - meaning both halves are 'the right way up' when folded. Slide your mouse over the image to invert it.
Since this document emerged, a similar document has been found enclosed in a letter to India, possibly a 'General Export' version, without set prices...
Interior / Folded
1955 Canadian Flier, exterior
1955 Canadian Flier, including an animation of the folding
140 x 217 mm = 5.5 x 8.5 inches
 
August, 1961 - MECCANO General Products Price List

Front page of 1961 Canadian MECCANO general products price list

This document, date-coded August, 1961, is a 6-page document created by folding a single sheet of paper, twice, with evenly spaced vertical axes.
The contents are market dependant, but the basic format stood MECCANO in good stead over several years, both domestically and across the world.
The BAYKO entry, as for most of the early MECCANO era, was to be found on the front page, in this case as the bottom entry.
Click anywhere on the image [left] to view a larger image of the BAYKO section.
This document is marked "Canada/English" which strongly suggests that there was also a French language version, recognising the fact that Canada is a bilingual country.
This document was printed in England, probably in house by MECCANO.
Let's hope that all the four sets and three conversion sets listed were actually available, in Canada, August, 1961 after all the delays.
107 mm x 216 mm = 4.2 x 8.5 inches
 
1963 - MECCANO Products Price List

Front page of 1963 Canadian MECCANO catalogue

1963 Canadian BAYKO price list
Left BAYKO page of 1963 Canadian catalogue

Right BAYKO page of 1963 Canadian catalogue

Just like during the Plimpton era, the above document is the standard UK catalogue of the same date, but with the pull-out price booklet in Canadian dollars and the address of the local MECCANO Company - yet again at a new address.
151 mm x 106 mm = 5.95 x 4.2 inches
 
1964 - MECCANO Products Price List
Front cover of the Canade edition of the 1964 MECCANO Catalogue
Front cover of the New Zealand edition of the 1964 MECCANO Catalogue
I feel rather confused at including this item, but there is some interesting information to be gleaned from it. The catalogue [above left] is the Canadian, 1964, MECCANO products catalogue, which is for a very much reduced product range - and excludes BAYKO.
An unusual inclusion on the site, I agree, but at least it gives a clear pointer to the decision to ditch BAYKO, at least from the Canadian market. The catalogue is date-coded September, 1964.
This is in contrast to the second catalogue shown [above right] which was intended for the New Zealand market. This catalogue includes BAYKO and there are other clear differences in the range of MECCANO products covered. This catalogue, just like its Australian counterpart, is date coded May, 1964.
Whilst recognising the need to be cautious, I don't think it's too unreasonable to use the removal of BAYKO between these dates as a pointer to the 'death' decision.
The front cover is marked "Canada/English" which strongly implies the existence of an equivalent French document.
219 x 171 mm = 8.6 x 6.75 inches
 
In common with most other companies, Plimpton had to protect their product and their markets as best they could...
 
 
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